Acrocyanosis ICD-10, Definition, Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

The human life has so many medical threats in forms of the disorders, infections, diseases and some critical injuries. Basically, this is a persistent disease that causes the blueness of the extremities of the human body, especially hands and feet. In acrocyanosis mucous membrane and superficial layer of skin become blue with the passage of time and there is a regular discoloration of extremities of the body. Acrocyanosis most commonly target hands, feet, and skin.

However, in the most cases, this disease affects and changes the color of hands. The oxyhemoglobin has been an integral element in the human body and if it diminishes consistently over the time, then acrocyanosis happens. Of course, this is a painful episodic disorder that may last longer if it is not treated carefully. It is the bad luck that the most people in the world suffer from this skin disorder, but still, they are not accurately familiar what is acrocyanosis and its different forms. Usually, it may be of two types primary acrocyanosis (Fundamental) and secondary acrocyanosis (Critical) that become more painful with the passage of time.

As for secondary acrocyanosis, the cause varies considerably depending on the multiple factors. For example, in anorexia nervosa, acrocyanosis is probably due to a longterm combination of vasoconstriction associated with impaired thermoregulation. Conversely, in chronic arsenic poisoning, inhibition of prostacyclin synthase that appears to be absent or not detectable in the endothelium of these patients appears to play a key role in inducing this phenomenon. Finally, small vessel thrombosis due to increased blood viscosity may be responsible for skin changes in cases of paraneoplastic acrocvanosose.


Acrocyanosis ICD-10, Definition, Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Acrocyanosis Symptoms


Acrocyanosis has some definite physical symptoms through which it can be identified easily. However, its symptoms are quite similar to some other diseases like raynaud's disease. So, you need to be careful while observing its symptoms. The patients will have some specific signs that would be enough for a doctor to diagnose and confirm acrocyanosis. These signs and symptoms of acrocyanosis are;

  • Discoloration of the skin, hands, and feet
  • Clear exhibition of swelling of hands and feet
  • Pale color of skin, but it would become bluish
  • Clammy and cold hands or feet
  • Excessive and severe sweating at soles, toes, and palms etc.
  • Poor circulation in extremities
  • Sometimes patient may become fade
  • Sting like feeling in extremities


Acrocyanosis Causes


In fact, Etiology of Acrocyanosis is still unknown, but there are many medical reports and experiments that declare few acrocyanosis causes. The doctors believe that this disorder is due to the diminishing of oxyhemoglobin, calcium channels hyperactivity, disturbance in the blood flow (venous blood flow disorder) and tissue injuries in the extremities of the body. Precise mechanism of acrocyanosis is not yet clear but it is presumed that due to vasoconstriction in extremities flow of oxygen becomes limited  that causes blueness of finger tips, hands and feet. Research is still going on to find out triggering factors that drives this whole mechanism and produce vasospasm in extremities.

Acrocyanosis Treatment


Since the doctors don’t accept the acrocyanosis as a disease and that is why; there is no preferred and standard acrocyanosis treatment. However, there are some painkillers, health supplements, and medicines that can increase the growth of oxyhemoglobin in the human body and improves blood circulation in extremities. Similarly, some of the medicines are more suitable to block calcium channels in the specific body parts like nifedipine. Another medicine that improves body circulation contains gingko biloba is very beneficial in acrocyanosis. The patients have to avoid the cold when they are suffering from acrocyanosis. Health professionals and doctors advise the patients to stay at average temperature and try to refill the calcium in pure and natural forms like fruits, vegetables, and fresh juices.

Acrocyanosis ICD-10

Following code is used for acrocyanosis in ICD-10

I73.89--Other specified peripheral vascular diseases--Billable

Acrocyanosis ICD-10, Definition, Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Acrocyanosis ICD-10, Definition, Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Reviewed by Simon Albert on February 13, 2017 Rating: 5
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