Hypercarbia ICD-10, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Hypercarbia that is commonly known as hypercapnia as well is diseases in which bloodstream does have lot of carbon dioxide present. The increased level of (CO2) inside the blood is primarily due to the process of hypoventilation. The patient suffering from hypoventilation cannot breathe properly because the required oxygen inside the lungs is not inhaled completely. In this typical condition the human body lacks the presence of oxygen and similarly (CO2) is not exhaled out of the body. In order to get rid of the situation patients need to inhale abruptly in order to make it sure that the levels of (CO2) and oxygen inside the body are equal.

Hypercarbia is a term used to define a disease in which there are abnormal levels of carbon dioxide is present inside the blood. The required level of carbon dioxide should be 45 mm Hg but in Hypercarbia the carbon dioxide level is more than that. Hypercarbia is a common term used in emergency situations in which patient is having difficulty in breathing. Hypercarbia is used in emergency medicine and critical care situation in which patient needs to have immediate treatment. Hypercarbia can because of chronic disease as well but sometime hypercarbia can be due to the drug overdose as well.

Hypercarbia ICD-10, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Hypercarbia Symptoms


Like the other diseases there are some definite symptoms for Hypercapnia. The Hypercapnia attack can be mild to severe. The patient can have a flushed skin, it is a physical response that can be due to the stress or the anxiety. The patient suffering from Hypercapnia may not be able to focus properly. Headaches are quite common in such types of the situations. A patient having a breathing problem can feel dizziness as well because it can affect the orientation quite badly. The physical strength is also lower than normal and a patient can feel tired all the time. Drowsiness is also one of the signs that can also appear.

Hypercarbia Causes


Apart from the levels of carbon dioxide and the oxygen in the blood stream there are other issues that can play active role in triggering hypercarbia. Firstly hypercarbia can be because of over dosage of benzodiazepine. A person having a Brainstem stroke can have hypercarbia as well. Hypercarbia is quite commonly found in patient having Hypothermia. There is a lung disease called Interstitial Lung Disease, hypercarbia can be because of ILD as well. There is another disease called Obstructive sleep apnea, this particular disease can be one of the influential factors in initiating hypercarbia. A patient having metabolic disorder can also have hypercarbia.

Hypercarbia Treatment


The treatments that are suggested to the patients depend upon the severity of the case. There are two methods used to treat the patients. 
  1. Noninvasive ventilation
  2. Intubation and mechanical ventilation

Noninvasive ventilation


Noninvasive ventilation is a procedure in which the patient is provided with the support. The support can enhance the breathing process, the mixture of oxygen and air is given to the patient using the facial or nasal mask.

Intubation and mechanical ventilation


Intubation and mechanical ventilation is a type of treatment in which there is a special tube used. The tube is inserted into the mouth of the patient and then into the airway. There is a mechanical ventilator used in the process through which the tube is connected to provide the active breathing to the patient.

Hypercarbia ICD-10

Following codes are used for hypercarbia in ICD-10

J96.00  Acute respiratory failure, unspecified whether with hypoxia or hypercapnia  Billable

J96.02  Acute respiratory failure with hypercapnia  Billable

J96.10  Chronic respiratory failure, unspecified whether with hypoxia or hypercapnia  Billable

J96.12  Chronic respiratory failure with hypercapnia  Billable

J96.20  Acute and chronic respiratory failure, unspecified whether with hypoxia or hypercapnia  Billable

J96.22  Acute and chronic respiratory failure with hypercapnia  Billable

J96.90  Respiratory failure, unspecified, unspecified whether with hypoxia or hypercapnia  Billable

J96.92  Respiratory failure, unspecified with hypercapnia  Billable
Hypercarbia ICD-10, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Hypercarbia ICD-10, Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Reviewed by Simon Albert on February 10, 2017 Rating: 5

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