Lady windermere syndrome - Definition, Contagious, Radiology, Cure


Lady Windermere syndrome is a lung infection which shows a pattern named MAC (mycobacterium avium complex). MAC is a complex of 3 mycobacterium species which are mycobacterium avium, mycobacterium intracellulare and mycobacterium chimaera. It is caused by a specie named mycobacterium avium-intracellulare. It is found in a bug which is responsible for causing tuberculosis. It occurs mostly in white women (mostly elder women) who chronically suppress the reflux of normal cough. Limited distal portions of lingua or middle lobe are involved. This syndrome also occurs in pigs and birds abundantly.

In humans with immunocompromised system, having AIDS or cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, non tuberculous mycobacteria. At the onset of disease, persistent cough experienced by patients. This syndrome can cause fever due to invasion of foreign particle, diarrhea and loss of appetite i.e. anorexia. Along with all these symptoms malabsorption and weight loss can also occur. Anemia is also associated with lady Windermere syndrome. All the symptoms of lady Windermere syndrome resembles to symptoms of tuberculosis. Diarrhea and pain in abdomen shows the involvement of GIT. Swelling of lymph nodes at neck also occur specially in children having weak immune system. Some subspecies are also responsible for it like paratuberculosis.


Lady windermere syndrome - Definition, Contagious, Radiology, Cure

Lady windermere syndrome Conatgious

           
Lady Windermere syndrome is a lung infection and the main cause reported is mycobacterium avium complex. This complex is composed of 3 species of mycobacterium. These are found in bug, mostly present in dust and dirt in the houses. As the first sign of this syndrome is persistent cough, so via coughing near the healthy persons, bacteria can easily be inhaled by the healthy person. Thow the disease can spread. As it also occurs at the last stage of AIDS/HIV so it can also spread through this way during sexual intercourse without using protection.

Lady windermere syndrome Radiology

           
Lady Windermere syndrome is diagnosed with the bronchoscopy. In bronchoscopy reports, the area in white is the affected area and the black area is considered. This syndrome can be seen at any site of lung. A women with this syndrome goes through bronchoscopy and the reports show a sharp edge abnormality in the right lung region (hilum). A band like opacity is also seen in right middle lobe area. Computed tomography scan is also used to diagnose this syndrome. So in her CT scan, a visible collapse of right middle lobe is seen.

Lady windermere syndrome Cure

             
At first, the syndrome is treated with antibiotics which are effective against these species. These antibiotics include anti-tuberculosis antibiotics like rifampicin, rifabutin, ciprofloxacin, amikacin, ethambutol, streptomycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin. Mostly combination of three antibiotics are used i.e. azithromycin, rifampicin and ethambutol. Duration of this treatment is 12 months. Sometimes the therapy is continued for the life time if the improvement is seen. The swelling of lymph nodes in neck region become hard with time in children and then it requires surgical removal of this swollen area. But the patients who do not respond to the surgery, are treated with antibiotics.
Lady windermere syndrome - Definition, Contagious, Radiology, Cure Lady windermere syndrome - Definition, Contagious, Radiology, Cure Reviewed by Simon Albert on May 07, 2017 Rating: 5
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