Peribronchial Cuffing Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Peribronchial cuffing is also known as thickening of bronchial wall or Peribronchial thickening. It is a radiological finding which diagnose the fluid buildup or mucous buildup in the air passages in lungs. This fluid buildup causes patches of atelectasis which are localized in nature. Atelectasis is the lung collapse. Due to mucous buildup and atelectasis the area around bronchus looks prominent in x-ray report. This condition looks like a donut which is thinner from inside containing air and thicker from outside.

It is a diagnostic parameter of various pathological conditions. Some of the pathological conditions are bronchiolitis, acute bronchitis, congestive heart failure, cystic fibrosis and many more. Basically Peribronchial cuffing is a sign or we can say a symptom of various conditions. It is clear and visible in the radiological report. The white part in x-ray shows the fluid buildup in the chest region within ribs. All the pathological conditions, are related to the respiration of patient.

In Peribronchial cuffing, the bronchioles get damaged and are not able to supply oxygen to lungs properly. and as a result, patient face difficulty in breathing. The walls of bronchioles become dilated and scattered. This condition is the severity of pathological conditions.

Peribronchial Cuffing Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Peribronchial Cuffing Symptoms

Talking about the symptoms of Peribronchial cuffing, it itself is a symptom of various pathological conditions. It is the buildup of fluid in the chest cavity right within the ribs and the bronchioles swell up. The main symptoms include productive cough. Its symptoms may appear later. After the onset, symptoms start appearing gradually not suddenly. Sometimes the cough becomes so severe that patient spit sputum with every cough. The cough may be persistent and most commonly occurs in morning time and evening time. On radiological report, the bronchioles are seen swollen with fluid accumulated in them.

Peribronchial Cuffing Causes

Peribronchial cuffing may occur as a main sign of various respiratory and chest diseases. These diseases include lung cancer, human metapneumovirus, cystic fibrosis, bronchiolitis, smoke inhalation, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, Broncho pulmonary dysplasia, pneumonia, Kawasaki disease, congestive heart failure, diffuse parenchymal lung disease, pulmonary edema and last but not least extreme exertion through physical exercise. The common cause include reoccurring of respiratory infections. This may weaken the defense system of body. Infections may in turn occur due to birth defects, structure and function of airways, blocked airways and immune system problems. It may also occur due to inhalation of any toxic material.

Peribronchial Cuffing Treatment

Peribronchial cuffing is a sign of many pathological conditions. It may appear its symptoms later or we can say its appearance shows the severity of many pathological conditions. There is not any special treatment for this condition. It can only be treated via treating the underlying cause. If there is any infection behind this condition then antibiotics will work. Using cough suppressants as a treatment of cough may make the condition worse. So use of cough suppressants should be avoided. If the volume of mucous is greater, then it has to be drained several times a day via postural drainage.
Peribronchial Cuffing Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Peribronchial Cuffing Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Reviewed by Simon Albert on February 04, 2019 Rating: 5
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