Bicytopenia Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, ICD-10

Bicytopenia Meaning

Bicytopenia is a clinical condition characterized by a reduction in two of the three primary blood cell subtypes—platelets, white blood cells (leukocytes), and red blood cells (erythrocytes).

  • Red blood cells transport oxygen across the body.
  • White blood cells combat infection.
  • Platelets help to create blood clots, which stop bleeding.
Bicytopenia Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, ICD-10

Bicytopenia Symptoms

The symptoms of bicytopenia can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause.

General symptoms of bicytopenia may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pale skin
  • Easy bruising or bleeding
  • Frequent infections
  • Fever

Bicytopenia Causes

Nutritional deficits: Bicytopenia can result from iron, vitamin B12, and folate deficiencies.

Bone marrow issues: Leukemia, aplastic anemia, and other bone marrow diseases can lower the synthesis of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, among other blood components.

Infections: Bicytopenia can result from infections that harm the bone marrow, including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and HIV.

Immune disorders: Immune disorders that attack the body's own tissues, including the bone marrow, can cause bicytopenia. Examples of these disorders include lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Medicines: Some treatments, such as chemotherapy and certain antibiotics, might damage the bone marrow and cause bicytopenia.

Splenomegaly: When the spleen becomes enlarged, it can trap blood cells, which lowers the quantity of cells in circulation.

Bicytopenia Treatment

The underlying etiology of bicytopenia determines the course of treatment. While particular interventions may be necessary in more severe situations, routine monitoring may be adequate in milder cases. 

Treatment for bicytopenia resulting from diseases including leukemia, malignancy, or abnormalities of the bone marrow may include managing the underlying ailment. Chemotherapy, radiation, immunosuppressive medication, bone marrow transplant, blood transfusion, and splenectomy are a few examples of this. 

Corticosteroids may be the first line of treatment in some circumstances. In addition, stopping a drug and using alternate therapies may be necessary for the management of bicytopenia brought on by certain drugs, such linezolid. 

Bicytopenia ICD-10

Bicytopenia is categorized as "Other specified aplastic anemias, not elsewhere classified" (ICD-10 code D61.818). Furthermore, "Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia" is coded with ICD-10 D46.A.

Bicytopenia Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, ICD-10 Bicytopenia Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, ICD-10 Reviewed by Simon Albert on February 05, 2024 Rating: 5
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