Recumbent position, Dorsal, Lateral, Semi-recumbent position


Recumbent position is a posture in which the patient lie down. Any position which is used by patient to lie down is known as recumbent position. Either on left side or right side. If the patient is lying on right side of body, then this position is known as right lateral recumbent position RLR and if the patient is lying on the left side of body, then this position is called left lateral recumbent position LLR. The word recumbent is a Latin word means lying down or reclining. So the recumbent position may have various types like dorsal recumbent position, lateral recumbent position which is further divided into left lateral recumbent and right lateral recumbent position.

The word decubitus can also be used instead of recumbent. This position is important in the patients with side injuries or organ damage. The only difference between recumbent and supine position is that, the legs are bend at knees and the feet are flat on the bed with face up. Various recumbent positions are used to examine a patient and also every position is checked to know about the most comfortable position regarding disease or surgery of the patient. Dorsal and lateral type of recumbent position are of great importance.

Recumbent position, Dorsal, Lateral, Semi-recumbent position

Dorsal Recumbent position

         
In dorsal recumbent position, the patient lie down on bed with knees bended and feet are flat on the surface of bed along with face looking upward. In this position, the examination of pelvic region becomes easy. The word dorsal means back side of body. This is the most commonly used position to treat any condition or for diagnostic purpose. The complications in head, neck, thorax, chest, abdomen, genitals and rectum can be easily diagnosed or treated via surgical operation in dorsal recumbent position. This position is also used during delivery and IV drips.


Lateral Recumbent position

         
In Lateral recumbent position the patient is lying in a position with face down. The front side of patient is facing downward to the bed. Lateral recumbent position is further divided into right recumbent position and left recumbent position. If the patient is lying on right side of body, then this position is known as right lateral recumbent position RLR and if the patient is lying on the left side of body, then this position is called left lateral recumbent position LLR. This position is used commonly in patients with back injury.

Semi-Recumbent position

         
The upright position of the body in recumbent positions with an angle of 45 degree is known as semi recumbent position. This position mostly resembles the supine position but differ at the angle of body positioned. This position is used in critically ill patients especially in patients with ventilator association pneumonia VAP. This position is used in critically ill patients to check the blood pressure because the flow of blood is normal in semi recumbent position as compare to the supine position. In this position the legs are flat not bended on bed in front of the body.
Recumbent position, Dorsal, Lateral, Semi-recumbent position Recumbent position, Dorsal, Lateral, Semi-recumbent position Reviewed by Simon Albert on June 03, 2017 Rating: 5
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