What is Clitoromegaly associated with PCOS?

Clitoromegaly is a condition in which the size of the clitoris increases than usual. The size of the clitoris varies from individual to individual, but exceeding a problematic level may cause harm to the patient. The clitoris is the part of external female genitalia. It can easily be seen outside the body, but in Clitoromegaly, it is abnormally large and cause irritation in touch with clothes and body.  Clitoromegaly may occur due to many reasons, and PCOS is one of them. PCOS means polycystic ovarian syndrome. In this syndrome, the hormones are disturbed, and specifically, the level of male hormones increases.

Male hormones are androgens, and the androgen responsible for causing Clitoromegaly is testosterone. The period span increases in women with the polycystic ovarian syndrome. This disturbance in hormones of women leads to Clitoromegaly. Polycystic ovarian syndrome develops in the age of development. Various small fluid follicles are produced in ovaries, and these follicles do not let ovary to release eggs. PCOS is not the common cause of Clitoromegaly because it does not develop in every woman. Hormonal therapy is used to treat the polycystic ovarian syndrome. PCOS itself is a cause of Clitoromegaly, but there are many causes leading to PCOS like Genetic problems, insulin resistance, obesity, and, last but not least, inflammation in the body. Talking about the symptoms of the polycystic ovarian syndrome, other than Clitoromegaly, heavy bleeding occurs along with the irregular menstrual cycle.

What is Clitoromegaly associated with PCOS

Women may experience hairs on their bodies. Increased no. of male hormones lead to weight gain and acne. In rare cases, women may experience baldness and severe headache. Dark patches are formed on the skin. Hormonal therapy is the only treatment designed for polycystic ovarian syndrome because it is an abnormality in hormonal levels. The increased level of androgens in the body leads to the penile appearance in place of the clitoris. Clitoromegaly has a scale on the basis of the appearance of the clitoris. This range starts from slight swelling and enlargement of the clitoris to the proper penile appearance of the clitoris.

And the treatment plan is designed according to it. If the polycystic ovarian syndrome is the reason behind Clitoromegaly, then along with the surgical correction of the clitoris, the syndrome is also treated with its specified treatment plan. The treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome consists of birth control pills. Birth control pills contain estrogen and progestin, which restores the level of female hormones and reduces the level of androgens i.e., testosterone. Metformin is also prescribed to regulate the level of insulin.

Because polycystic ovarian syndrome reduces the level of insulin in the body. Clomiphene is another drug that is also known as a fertility drug. This drug helps a lot in pregnancy. Polycystic ovarian syndrome promotes hair growth on the body. And hair removal medicines are used to remove this hair. Eflornithine is hair removal medicine. These medicines do not permanently remove hair but weaken their roots, and then laser or electrolysis treatment helps to remove them permanently. Now talking about surgery, surgical procedure i.e., clitoroplasty is performed for surgical correction of the clitoris in Clitoromegaly.
What is Clitoromegaly associated with PCOS? What is Clitoromegaly associated with PCOS? Reviewed by Simon Albert on February 23, 2020 Rating: 5
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