What is Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy - Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is a surgical method through which the pituitary gland is removed. Due to the irregular growth of the cells inside the gland, there is a tumor that can appear. The idea of surgical treatment is to make it sure that the cell growth slows down. Hypophysectomy is done as the last possible option. There are various other techniques that can also be used to treat the issues, there are radioactive implants, or cryosurgery used in order to destroy affected area. When all of these procedures fail to give the results, then the surgical method is suggested to the patients.

  • Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy Definition
  • Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy Symptoms
  • Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy Causes
  • Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy Treatment

Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy Definition


Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy is a way of removing the pituitary tumors in the pituitary gland. The tumors are basically syndrome named hyperadrenocorticism. The pituitary gland is a small sized gland that is actually present under surface of the brain. Once there is a tumor in the gland, it can badly affect the functionality of the gland and at the same time can cause hormonal disorder to the patient. The surgery can also be done to control the progression of diabetic retinopathy. The same surgery can be done in order to treat carcinoma metastatic of the breast and the prostate.

What is Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy - Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy Symptoms


Multiple symptoms for the disease can help identify the exact type. Same is the case with the transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. There are various levels of the sensations that can be felt by the patient. These sensations can move to the upper lips and sometime in teeth’s.  The sensations can disappear and can then re-appear anytime. There are other complications that can also help identify the problems. Patient will be having high fever; the digestive system may also get affected. Rashes on to the skin are also considered as one of the symptom. Chest pain and the shortness of the breath can be a clear indication of the disease.

Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy Causes


The pituitary glands can have tumors. There are some definite causes for the tumor. These tumors are to be treated because they can have a devastating impact on to the patient health. There are endocrine glands in the human body; these endocrine glands are actually controlled by the pituitary gland. Many hormones released by the endocrine glands, but when the pituitary glands develop a tumor, it can directly affect the metabolic activity of the human body. The growth of the cells inside the glands may also get disturbed and for the same reason transsphenoidal hypophysectomy is required.

Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy Treatment


Various amount of the approaches used to treat transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. There is a surgery required to treat the pituitary gland. The gland can easily be accessed through the nasal cavity. Craniotomy is the basic technique that is used, in this technique the frontal lobe is actually lifted, the skull can then be opened. Once the neck of the pituitary gland is exposed it can then be treated. The tumor is actually removed through the same procedure. The actual activity is to reach the cavity of the gland. Various other medical techniques are tried before going to surgical intervention.
What is Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy - Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment What is Transsphenoidal hypophysectomy - Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment Reviewed by Simon Albert on February 28, 2017 Rating: 5

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